Investigation into the multiple recent sinkholes in Pokhara, Nepal

Kuwano, R. and Kiyota, T. and Pokhrel, R. and Katagiri, T. and Ikeda, T. and Yagiura, Y. and Yoshikawa, T. and Kuwano, J. (2016) Investigation into the multiple recent sinkholes in Pokhara, Nepal. In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK.

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Since November 2013, numerous sinkholes have been forming in the Armala area of Pokhara Valley, Central Nepal, posing serious threat to local residents. In order to provide countermeasures for reducing sinkhole risk, detailed investigations into the cause and the formation mechanism of the sinkholes are crucial. Preliminary surveys were conducted in June 2014 and November 2014. Comparison of photos, taken in the two surveys, clearly indicates not only the formation of new sinkholes, but also the re-activation of filled sinkholes. By means of dynamic cone penetration tests and surface wave investigations, qualitative characterization of the soil profile was attained, and shallow weak soil layers which are believed to be the location for future sinkholes could be identified. On the basis of the preliminary field investigation, possible sinkhole formation mechanisms are considered. A risk of sinkhole does not seem to disappear as white turbid water continuously springs. It indicates that the internal erosion of white clayey silt layer is still in progress. In August 2015, a boring was carried out beside one of the largest sinkholes. The overall structure of ground layers was first revealed and a 2.5m high cavity at 7.5-10m deep from the ground surface was found within a thick white clayey silt layer. Further ground investigations including surface wave exploration were conducted in December 2015 and the results are reported.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
Divisions: Coastal
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2020 09:51
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2020 09:51

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