A model for scour around bridge piers caused by flood waves

Link, O. and Pizarro, A. and Castillo, C. and Ettmer, B. and Manfreda, S. (2016) A model for scour around bridge piers caused by flood waves. In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK.

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Abstract

The local scour process during flood waves is modeled introducing the idea of an effective work by the flow on the sediment bed around the pier. Dimensional considerations show different possible formulations for the dimensionless effective flow work W* that, in each case, is shown to be a generalization of the flow intensity concept, commonly used in existing scour formulas. A novel experimental installation able to reproduce any hydrograph with high precision in the laboratory flume is used to carry out steady and unsteady flow experiments in order to calibrate and validate the mathematical model. Results confirm the uniqueness of the relationship between the dimensionless, effective flow work W* and the relative scour depth Z*, highlighting the high predictive capacity of scour depth caused by any hydrograph. The proposed model provides good performances allowing a straightforward prediction of maximum scour depth and its evolution.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
Divisions: Floods
Coastal
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email i.services@hrwallingford.com
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2020 09:51
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2020 09:51
URI: http://eprints.hrwallingford.com/id/eprint/1098

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