Dynamic spatio-temporal generation of large-scale synthetic gridded precipitation: with improved spatial coherence of extremes

Diederen, D. and Liu, Y. (2019) Dynamic spatio-temporal generation of large-scale synthetic gridded precipitation: with improved spatial coherence of extremes. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. pp. 1-15.

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Official URL: https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00477-019...

Abstract

With the ongoing development of distributed hydrological models, flood risk analysis calls for synthetic, gridded precipitation data sets. The availability of large, coherent, gridded re-analysis data sets in combination with the increase in computational power, accommodates the development of new methodology to generate such synthetic data. We tracked moving precipitation fields and classified them using self-organising maps. For each class, we fitted a multivariate mixture model and generated a large set of synthetic, coherent descriptors, which we used to reconstruct moving synthetic precipitation fields. We introduced randomness in the original data set by replacing the observed precipitation fields in the original data set with the synthetic precipitation fields. The output is a continuous, gridded, hourly precipitation data set of a much longer duration, containing physically plausible and spatio-temporally coherent precipitation events. The proposed methodology implicitly provides an important improvement in the spatial coherence of precipitation extremes. We investigate the issue of unrealistic, sudden changes on the grid and demonstrate how a dynamic spatio-temporal generator can provide spatial smoothness in the probability distribution parameters and hence in the return level estimates.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Floods > General
Divisions: Floods
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email i.services@hrwallingford.com
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2020 09:54
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2020 09:54
URI: http://eprints.hrwallingford.com/id/eprint/1353

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