Experimental observations of tsunami induced scour at onshore structures

McGovern, D. and Todd, D. and Rossetto, T. and Whitehouse, R.J.S. and Monaghan, J. and Gomes, E. (2019) Experimental observations of tsunami induced scour at onshore structures. Coastal Engineering, 152.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...


Tsunami inundation of the coastal environment can induce scour at structure foundations leading to failure. A series of experiments are made using a unique Pneumatic Long Wave Generator to generate tsunami wave periods of 25–147 s equating to 3–17.3 min at 1:50 Froude scale. The waves propagate over a sloping bathymetry and impinge upon a square structure founded onshore in a flat sediment bed. Flow velocity, height and scour depth are recorded as a function of time during tsunami inundation. The rate of scour is observed to be time dependent. Equilibrium, which is not attained, is argued to be an inappropriate measure for time-dependent transient flows such as tsunami in which the flow velocity, depth and direction are variable. The maximum scour depth is recorded and critically is observed not to be equal to the final depth due to significant sediment slumping when flow velocities reduce in the latter stages of inundation. Current and wave scour predictor equations over predict the scour, while the ASCE 7–16 method under predicts. Comparisons with available data in the literature show longer inundation durations increase the amount of scour.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Maritime > General
Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
Divisions: Maritime
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email i.services@hrwallingford.com
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2020 09:54
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2020 09:54
URI: http://eprints.hrwallingford.com/id/eprint/1404

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