Effect of a skirted mudmat foundation on local scour around a submerged structure

Yao, W. and Draper, S. and An, H. and Cheng, L. and Harris, J. and Whitehouse, R.J.S. (2020) Effect of a skirted mudmat foundation on local scour around a submerged structure. Ocean Engineering, 218.

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Official URL: https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1bsfa6nh6wSnt

Abstract

In this paper, local scour around a subsea structure supported by a skirted mudmat foundation is explored experimentally. For simplicity the structure is represented as a submerged circular cylinder founded on a concentric circular mudmat. The experiments are conducted in the clear-water regime and various geometries are considered by varying the height of the submerged cylinder relative to its diameter , and the diameter of the mudmat relative to the submerged cylinder . The experimental results indicate that the scour process can be categorized into two modes depending on geometry: Mode 1, in which local scour develops immediately at the upstream side of the mudmat; and Mode 2, in which local scour initiates at the downstream side of the mudmat and propagates upstream. For each mode, the rate of scour reduces as the mudmat becomes relatively large (i.e. as increases). This reduction is most significant if the mudmat size is sufficient to swap the mode of scour from Mode 1 to Mode 2. The reduction in scour rate, however, does not coincide with a reduction in maximum scour depth. Instead, the relative scour depth of the superstructure increases as the mudmat becomes larger (i.e. as increases). This trend is quantitatively explained by considering the effective aspect ratio of the combined mudmat and superstructure. Collectively, the results of the present study provide insight into the inherent scour protection provided by a skirted mudmat foundation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Full access until 25 November 2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.108127
Uncontrolled Keywords: scour; foundation; mudmat; cylinder
Subjects: Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
Maritime > General
Divisions: Coastal
Maritime
Depositing User: Helen Stevenson
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2020 09:13
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2020 09:14
URI: http://eprints.hrwallingford.com/id/eprint/1440

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