Evolution of pneumatic tsunami simulators - from concept to proven experimental technique

Chandler, I. and Allsop, W. and Robinson, D. and Rossetto, T. (2021) Evolution of pneumatic tsunami simulators - from concept to proven experimental technique. Frontiers in Built Environment.

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fbuil...


This paper describes the evolution through three generations of pneumatic Tsunami Simulators for physical model tests of realistic tsunami. The pneumatic method, originally developed for tidal modeling in the Fifties, has been modernized to generate extraordinarily long waves in a controlled manner, with accurate reproduction of recorded free-surface tsunami field data. The paper describes how the simulator designs were developed and how they performed in the laboratory. Example results are presented from selected research studies that have validated their performance and then used to quantify tsunami effects. Having described each of the first, second, and third generation Tsunami Simulators, the paper discusses how to calibrate the wave generation control to model tsunami with model periods 20–240 s duration (equivalent to 2–20 min duration in prototype at 1:50 scale), many of which are far too long to “fit into the test flume.” The evolution of a composite approach to wave calibration is described with examples from second and third generation devices, demonstrated by successful simulation of both the 2004 Boxing Day, and the 2011 Great Eastern Japan (Tohoku) Tsunami at 1:50 scale.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access
Subjects: Coasts > General
Maritime > General
Divisions: Coastal
Depositing User: Helen Stevenson
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 09:16
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 09:36
URI: http://eprints.hrwallingford.com/id/eprint/1481

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